Sewing tip | How to adjust the thread tension |

Published : 08/27/2023 17:14:26
Categories : Sewing Tips

Proper thread tension is the key to a well-made and durable garment.

When the tension is not suitable, it can drive you crazy! Threads that make loops, fabric that curls, uneven stitches can discourage more than one, me first.

Ultimately, the goal is to have balanced stitches on both sides of the fabric, without loose loops, knots or thread bunching. If the tension is too tight, the fabric may pucker and the thread from the bobbin will show on top. On the contrary, if the tension is too low, loops can form on the top and the thread of the spool will show on the back.

However, there are a few things you can do to set the thread tension correctly. So, before throwing the machine out the window, check the following steps.


Cleaning the sewing machine

First and most important step is to clean the machine of all the threads and lint that form over time. A little dusting and hoovering will remove all this accumulated dust and not block the sewing machine.


Oiling the sewing machine

The machine may need a little oil to work properly. When should it be oiled? It depends on each machine and how each person uses it. Personally, I notice that it makes a bit more noise when it needs hydration.


Checking if the spool is right side up

The spool is placed on the machine, it can sit horizontal or vertical depending on the model. So that it unravels correctly and does not block the tension, it must be placed right side up. To do this, check the user manual to show you the right way up.


Checking the threading of the guides

Each guide, i.e. hooks and handles, must be threaded and in the correct direction. If one is missing, the tension will not be done properly. To check the correct threading, it is also necessary to consult the user manual of the sewing machine.

In addition, for proper threading, the presser foot must be in the raised position and the needle as well.


Removing spool stickers

This is a seemingly insignificant step, however the sticker that remains can prevent the spool from unravelling evenly, causing the tension to go off. It is therefore opportune to remove them all.


Checking if the bobbin is inserted correctly

The direction of the bobbin is also important. It may be that if it is put on incorrectly, sewing is not possible at all. However, check the correct sense in the machine's user manual.


Adjusting the cursor tension

If after having done all the above-mentioned steps the tension is still not ideal, adjust the cursor by doing a few tests. Start with the default setting for your machine.

Then, if the bobbin threads are visible on the top of the fabric, lower the tension. On the contrary, if the top threads are loose and can be seen below, try increasing it. Experiment by gradually changing the tension until the threads are even.

In addition, the tension can vary according to the thickness of the fabric, it is always advisable to make a sewing test for each new project.


Hope these tips save you from hating your machine at times, but also taking it out for a service. If something still doesn't work, you may still need to give it a check. In addition, a small revision every five years is not a luxury.

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